MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MICRO-TISSUES FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING
The Particulate Dynamics research group is part of the division Mechatronics, Bio-statistics and Sensors at the department of Biosystems Engineering, KU Leuven. We are interested in how complex biological structures such as cells and tissues may emerge from simple interactions between their underlying components. For this, we study the organization dynamics and mechanical properties of cells and cell communities using a combina-tion of mechanical measurements and particle-based computational models. These quantitative models are used to improve our understanding in applications such as the treatment of antibiotic resistance in bacterial biofilms and the production of micro-tissues for bone tissue engineering. The Particulate Dynamics group closely collaborates with the Prometheus division, an interdisciplinary team of engineers and biomedical re-searchers that develops novel techniques for Bone Tissue Engineering.
Website unit https://www.biw.kuleuven.be/bi...
New tissue engineering strategies rely on the use of small 'micro-tissues', small semi-autonomous and self-organized cellular assemblies. Acting as small building blocks, larger artificial tissues can be created by com-bining these micro-tissues using techniques such as bioprinting. The predictable and modular behavior of these micro-tissues render them practicable for application in engineering purposes. However, in order to incorporate micro-tissues in a translational engineering strategy, we need to have adequate ‘living material models’ that take into account the active properties of the underlying cells as they undergo differentiation. The main goal of this project is to develop a practical framework for the mechanical characterization of mi-cro-tissues used for artificial tissue production, an emerging paradigm in the field of tissue engineering.
The applicant will make use of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), a high resolution technique that measures local mechanical forces from the deflection of a cantilever, and nanoindentation (NI). You will perform AFM and NI measurements on micro-tissues from adult progenitors (hPDCs and iPS) at different stages of chondro-genic differentiation. From AFM measurements, you will obtain the apparent visco-elastic properties of the multicellular material, as it changes during development. By comparing these results to computer simulations, you will help reveal the cell-scale properties that are associated with the biological outcome of the engi-neered tissue. Moreover, the applicant will quantify the interaction forces between micro-tissues and their environment. For this, you will make use of Traction Force Microscopy (TFM). In TFM, forces between the micro-tissue and the environment are reconstructed based on the displacement of fluorescent beads embed-ded in the substrate. Based on these AFM and TFM characterizations, you will be able to tune the biomaterials and the parameters of the production process in order to accommodate robust and viable engineered tissues.
For more information please contact Prof. dr. Bart Smeets, tel.: +32 16 32 85 92, mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
You can apply for this job no later than June 30, 2022 via the online application tool
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You have a Master's degree in Mechanical Engineering, Bioscience Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, (Bio)physics, or equivalent qualifications. We are a young and ambitious lab, and we are looking for a moti-vated and creative candidate, who is ready to pursue his/her own research vision and to think, discuss and work together as a team to push the boundaries of science.
As a candidate, you are eager to familiarize your-self with state-of-the-art mechanical characterization techniques such as Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), nanoindentation (NI) and Traction Force Microscopy (TFM). You are also interested in the application of engi-neering techniques to help bring forward a new generation of regenerative medicine technology.
A research position of 4 years, pending a positive evaluation after one year. You will enroll in the doctoral programme of the Arenberg Doctoral School (ADS) of KU Leuven.
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